Cargo Handling

16.05.2021
BULK CARGOES — HOLD PREPARATION AND CLEANING

Another Standard Club publication providing valuable information and guidelines on handling different kinds of cargo. This one is dealing with the preparation and cleaning of the bulk cargo holds. The intention of the authors of the whole Standard Cargo series of papers is to focus on the best practices to be applied when transporting cargo by sea.

The document is aimed to provide required assistance to the masters and cargo officers of the ships as well as to the chartering managers and shore support personnel including superintendents, to get better understanding of the preparation of the cargo holds prior to loading. Note that preparation of the holds is one of the most important parts of the process. It is not only concerned with the sweeping and cleaning of the holds or washing them.

There are numerous other matters to be considered. Failure to follow good practice and recommendations may eventually result in serious claims. Another problem can be lack of knowledge and this is something the present publication will help you with - the booklet covers use of chemicals and drying cargo holds, inspection of holds, bilge wells and line testing, cleaning equipment, master's duties and many other aspects. Apart from the general information, the document also contains several case studies analyzed and included for illustrating the content.

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16.05.2021
BULK CARGO LIQUEFACTION (IRON ORE FINES AND NICKEL ORE)

This compact but very informative booklet was prepared and released by the Standard Club to address some issues related to the liquefaction of the bulk cargo transported on board marine vessels. the content of the publication covers nickel ore and iron ore fines. The booklet is focusing on the subject highlighted by numerous sinkings of the bulk carrier ships, i.e. cargo liquefaction.

The volume has a main emphasis on the iron ore fines carried from India as well as on the nickel ores from the Philippines and Indonesia; however it shall be noted that the advise provided in the pages off this small booklet will be equally applicable to the other cargoes commonly susceptible to liquefaction. Liquefaction actually affects bulk carrier ships of all designs and sizes but it can also affect vessels transporting bulk ores, and this would include dry general cargo vessels loading bulk cargo in parcels.

The liquefaction of cargo has been treated as a very serious concern for the seafarers for more than a century and that is why it is quite shocking to find this appearing and causing losses of human lives. Apart from the general information this document covers three real life case studies illustrating the material, test procedures, and other aspects.

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16.05.2021
HATCH COVERS — A PRACTICAL GUIDE

The present training booklet together with the accompanying video film shall serve as an excellent and very informative introduction to the hatch covers giving the overall view. It will be best when used in conjunction with the hatch cover operating manual of the particular vessel as this would allow crew members to get specific assistance with the inspection of the hatch covers, their operation and periodical maintenance.

The content of the booklet opens with two chapters dealing with the properties, type and structures of the hatch covers including operating systems and component parts. There the chapters come devoted to the inspection and maintenance of the hatch covers, their safe operation including operation in extreme weather such as hot and cold weather, high winds and heavy rains, methods of testing the hatch covers for water- and weather-tightness including hose testing an ultrasound testing, air and choke test, and hatch covers at sea issues like use of sealing tapes and high expansion foams.

The assessment questions have been provided and supplemented with the correct answers to track the learning progress. There are also two appendixes, the first one lists IMO regulations governing hatch covers while the second one provides the hatch cover inspection list. Absolutely recommended training for all crew members of the vessels equipped with hatch covers.

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16.05.2021
DANGEROUS & DIFFICULT BULK CARGOES — BEST PRACTICE AND THE IMSBC CODE

The possible hazards that are associated with transportation of the bulk cargoes by sea are not usually restricted just to handling them correctly during the loading and discharge. Such cargo itself can present very serious risk, especially if the cargo is undergoing some changes in the make-up during the hold on passage - because it gets too hot, or too wet, or not ventilated enough.

The consequence of such changes may be a loss of the vessel, or of lives of people on board. We would recommend you to begin your training with this video film which is considered the basic learning tool. The present guide is intended to serve as a textbook and reference source covering the basic principles governing the carriage and handling of the bulk cargoes of all types. Unfortunately, there are too many examples showing us that the bulk cargoes must be treated with the critical respect.

The risks are real and you will find some of the examples in this guide. You will find the recommended practices and useful instructions in this training booklet. Significant part of the book is dedicated to the IMSBC Code released by IMO to codify the best bulk cargo transportation practice, and its requirements. This publication is to be present on board every bulk carrier and the requirement contained in the Code are to be followed as necessary.

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16.05.2021
WHEN ONE THING LEADS TO ANOTHER — SAFE CONTAINER OPERATIONS

The main objective of this training document is to reduce any possible risk arising at the time of the container stow collapsing or when any other container-related accident occurs to the ship. The ultimate aim is to get the deck officers and involved crew members properly trained so that they can identify any possibly unsafe freight container of stowage practice which may result in the accident, at an early stage.

The author of the training programme focuses on the issues related to the stowage and lashing of the containers on the ship's deck. It is obvious that the number of accidents involving freight containers on board ships is rising along with the increasing number of containers being transported. Every year many containers are damaged due to the stows collapsing, and this is becoming a true hazard to the shipping industry and the environment. Sometimes such accidents cause fires and explosions on board ships; moreover, there is a danger of serious injury and death to seamen and stevedores.

 

 

 

 

 

 

The author also aims to set a menu of discussion, info- and instruction topics related to the safe stowage of the containers for the deck crew and officers in order for them to better understand safe and correct procedures of container handling and securing.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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16.05.2021
METHANOL SAFE HANDLING MANUAL

This informative training booklet provides the basic required info and necessary instructions to follow on safe handling of the methanol cargo during the sea transportation - it was prepared and released by the professionals of the world recognized Methanol Institute, which established more than a century ago and serves as the global trade association for the world Methanol Industry; it directs product stewardship activities and initiates marker development efforts.

The readers will get all critical information of the marine transportation of methanol, including properties of methanol, understanding the risks involved, managing the health risk, methanol inhalation toxicity data, methanol ingestion, treatment for exposure, personal protection, detection of methanol, detector tubes, electronic instruments, absorbent tubes, biological monitoring, managing fire risks etc.

The booklet starts with the several accidents occurred during the transportation of the methanol - these case studies give the idea how dangerous the substance may be to the people and the environment when handled improperly. You definitely have to go through this booklet if you intend to get involved in any related activities. There is also a nice training video film which can be used in addition to this booklet. /span>

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16.05.2021
TANKER OPERATIONS — A HANDBOOK FOR THE PERSON-IN-CHARGE

This 4th updated edition of "Tanker Operations" has undergone substantial change since it was last revised in 1992. The text has been completely reorganized with the addition of new subject material, illustrations, review questions, and a glossary of key acronyms and terms.

As many readers of Tanker Operations can attest, this text is - and will always be - a work in progress as long as the design, equipment, regulations, and operational procedures on tank vessels continue to evolve. I must admit that underestimated the magnitude of this project and, as a result, have a much greater appreciation for the efforts of Greg Marton in producing the original work in 1978.

This text is intended primarily for individual» entering the tanker industry. However, seasoned tanker mates, barge tankermen, and many of the ashoreside staff may find the information in this edition of practical value. In recent years, the rules governing the minimum qualifications for personnel dealing with the service of tank vessels have changed both domestically and internationally. In addition to obtaining practical sea experience, individuals working on tank vessels must now complete an approved training program In cargo handling and fire fighting. With these requirements in mind, it seemed appropriate for this edition of Tanker Operations to serve as the standard reference for this specialized cargo training...

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16.05.2021
SEAGULL AS CBT — TANKERMAN HIGHEST GRADE — OIL

The oil transportation by sea was the indirect though obvious result of the development of the first oil well. The oil had been known to be there deep below the earth surface for quite some time. The indications are there saying that the Chinese people obtained relatively small quantities of mineral oil from shallow mines long time (several thousand years) ago; however, since the quantities were insignificant, the Middle East people of those times never used to justify the time and energy required to developing it as a fuel for the multitude of various purposes - the situation quite opposite to the one we have today, in the Industrial Age.

The very first mineral oil well was sunk in Pennsylvania in June 1859 with its depth of some 17 feet. The Elizabeth Watts is usually credited with being the very first vessel to transport a full cargo of mineral oil across the Atlantic ocean. The career of this remarkable ship in 1861; however, there were several factors involved that tended to retard the development of the early tanker; even then the oil was regarded as a very dangerous cargo.

Leakages happening to the barrels stored in the cargo holds resulted in the areas located straight below the deck permeated with the gas slowly making its way into the living quarters. With the introduction of the iron ship hulls these difficulties have been more or less eliminated. Some of the newly built tankers were fitted with the separate oil tanks...

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